What is a cerebral infarction?
Cerebral infarction can be divided into three types. Here, we will explain in detail the difference and how the disease occurs.
Types of cerebral infarction
Cerebral infarction can be divided into three types. I summarized it below.
The small arteries in the brain become clogged, blood flow stops, and the brain cells beyond it die.
The lumen of a blood vessel narrows, creating a blood clot that clogs it.
Cardiogenic cerebral infarction When an arrhythmia occurs, the blood clots in the heart come off and flow into the blood vessels in the brain, causing them to become clogged.
The cause of cerebral hemorrhage is the progression of arteriosclerosis
Cerebral infarction is caused by the narrowing of blood vessels in the brain or blood clots in the heart that flows into the brain and clogs the blood vessels, resulting in the progression of arteriosclerosis of the blood vessels. It is a disease that occurs afterward.
Arteriosclerosis, which is the direct cause of arteriosclerosis, progresses due to so-called lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, and obesity. Looking at the causes of death in Japan, it ranks third after cancer and heart disease.
Although the cure rate has improved due to the development of medical technology, it is still a disease with a high risk of losing lives, and even if life is saved, sequelae such as speech disorders and paralysis often remain.
“Cerebral infarctions”, which is often confused with stroke, is a general term for brain diseases such as stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Cerebral damage accounts for 70-80% of all stroke By the way, cerebral hemorrhage is a disease in which blood vessels in the brain are torn and bleeding, and subarachnoid hemorrhage is a disease in which a hump formed in a blood vessel on the surface of the brain is torn and bleeding under the subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Cerebral infarction danger signal
In the case of cerebral infarction, the subsequent symptoms depend on the awareness of the danger signal and the ability to treat it early. The points to note are summarized below, so if you have any concerns, do not make a self-judgment and consult a doctor.
If you think something is wrong, go to the hospital
The main signs of cerebral infarction are summarized below.
I can’t turn around.
Suddenly drop something.
One limb is numb.
I’m dizzy and can’t walk straight.
I can’t walk or stand even if I have the strength.
I can’t understand what people around me are talking about.
I can’t write as I want.
Things look double.
It becomes like a film on one eye, which makes it temporarily difficult to see things.
The precursors to these strokes are called “transient ischemic attacks.” If you have these symptoms in your daily life and you notice that they are “funny” early and go to the hospital, you may be able to prevent seizures.
However, even if there is such a frontal movement, it often subsides after about 20 minutes, and it seems that most people do not care because they feel that they are a little sick.
In some cases, there is no sign.
It is said that about one-fourth of all cerebral infarctions occur in people who have an aura of cerebral infarction, and other people develop cerebral infarction without any warning. However, even if there is no sign, in most cases some kind of sign is sent in daily life. For example, the following.
Suddenly suffer from headaches and stiff shoulders.
Stumble in an empty space.
Memories fly or forget things.
Suddenly cold sweat and palpitation.
I can no longer do simple calculations.
It is easy to get sick if you put water or food in your mouth.
Everything is likely to happen to anyone, so it’s likely that you’ll dismiss it as “because you’re old.” It is recommended that you go to the hospital just in case, without assuming that there is nothing.
Let’s know the symptoms of cerebral infarction
Know what the symptoms are and what the aftereffects are if you have a stroke. What they have in common is that sudden attacks cause necrosis of brain function over time.
That is why early treatment may help minimize sequelae. What sequelae remain depends on the location of the lesion in the brain. Below is a summary of the main possible sequelae.
The most common is this paralytic symptom. Many include hemiplegia, which weakens the arms, legs, face, and muscles.
Symptoms such as dullness or no feeling at all appear.
There are obstacles to small movements, walking, speaking, listening, and sense of balance. Dizziness may occur with these symptoms.
Disturbance of consciousness
It is a symptom that the activity of the brain is totally suppressed and the level of consciousness temporarily drops.
Paralysis and sensory disturbances that affect the throat and other factors can interfere with speech, such as slurred speech. It is a symptom that affects communication with people.
It is a sequela that makes it difficult to eat, such as drinking and eating. Rehabilitation may be difficult or aspiration may cause pneumonia.
Higher brain dysfunction
It causes higher brain dysfunction such as aphasia and agnosia. You may not be able to recognize any external stimuli such as sight, hearing, or touch.
How to prevent recurrence of cerebral infarction
Cerebral infarction is said to have many causative factors. Therefore, there seems to be a reality that the number of people who suffer from cerebral infarction does not decrease easily.
Here are some ways to prevent people who haven’t had the disease and to prevent recurrence in those who are being treated.
Learn more about prevention with medications and regular tests, and how to prevent it with diet and exercise.
Lifestyle to prevent arteriosclerosis
Although it is not well known, it is said that cerebral infarction and stress actually have a deep causal relationship.
It seems that moderate stress is necessary for the body, but if it becomes excessive and remains accumulated, the autonomic nerves will be disturbed, and blood pressure and pulse will rise.
And it can also cause arteriosclerosis by increasing your heart rate and blood sugar levels. Overdrinking and eating due to stress is also dangerous, and if repeated, it may lead to arteriosclerosis and cause cerebral infarction.
As with any illness, adjusting your lifestyle can help prevent stroke. Try to have a balanced diet, good sleep, moderate exercise, and a slow bath.
Eliminate obesity with exercise to prevent cerebral infarction
To prevent cerebral infarction and recurrence, it is important to make a habit of daily exercise to eliminate obesity.
Lifestyle to prevent cerebral infarction
We recommend walking in the pool where you can exercise without damaging your legs, taking a walk, or fixing your bicycle and rowing.
However, at first, some people may think that “exercise is troublesome”. Still, there are surprisingly many opportunities to exercise in everyday life.
For example, use the stairs to avoid escalators and elevators, walk once a week for shopping by car or bicycle, do household chores as much as possible without messing around at home on holidays. If you have a heart, you can move your body unexpectedly.
Are you ok? Hidden obesity
It’s not always okay because I’m not fat. Even people who are not fat at first glance may be “hidden obese”, so be careful.
Obesity is roughly divided into two types. There are “subcutaneous fat obesity” in which fat accumulates under the skin and “visceral fat obesity” in which fat accumulates around the internal organs. The latter, visceral fat obesity, is the so-called “hidden obesity”, which increases the risk of stroke.
Why is it dangerous? Visceral fat is resynthesized as a large amount of triglyceride. This triglyceride increases bad cholesterol and reduces good cholesterol. Then, blood circulation deteriorates, and blood vessels become harder and more brittle. That is, it can promote arteriosclerosis, resulting in a stroke.
In future, we will discuss about physiotherapy and cerebral infarction.
Benefits of physiotherapy in stroke which is also a cause of cerebral infarction. To know more connect Pro Physiotherapy, Jayanagar, Bangalore. Pin: 560082 mobile: 8951022334