The Functional Movement Screen is a screening system that attempts and allows the professional to assess the fundamental movement patterns of an individual. This screening system fills the void between the pre-participation/pre-placement screenings and performance tests by evaluating individuals in a dynamic and functional capacity. Such a screening system may also provide a crucial tool to assist in determining readiness to return to sport at the completion of rehabilitation after injury or surgery.Doctors at Pro Physiotherapy are Experienced Physiotherapist and follow FMS rules.
A screening tool such as this may offer a different approach to injury prevention and performance predictability. When used as a part of a comprehensive assessment, the FMS can lead to individualized, specific, functional recommendations for physical fitness protocols in athletic and active population groups as it is followed by many of the Experienced Physiotherapist. The FMS is comprised of seven fundamental movement patterns (tests) that require a balance of mobility and stability (including neuromuscular/motor control).
These fundamental movement patterns are designed to provide observable performance of basic locomotor, manipulative, and stabilizing movements. The tests place the individual in extreme positions where weaknesses and imbalance become noticeable if appropriate stability and mobility is not utilized. It has been observed that may individuals as per Experienced Physiotherapist who perform at very high levels during activities may be unable to perform these simple movements and that these individuals should be considered to be utilizing compensatory movement patterns during their activities; sacrificing efficient movements for inefficient ones in order to perform at high levels. When poor or inefficient movement patterns are reinforced, this could lead to poor biomechanics and ultimately increase the potential for micro- or macro-traumatic injury.
An alternative explanation for development of poor movement patterns is the presence of previous injuries. Individuals who have suffered an injury may have a decrease in proprioceptive input, if untreated or treated inappropriately. A disruption in proprioceptive performance will have a negative effect on the kinetic linking system. The result will be altered mobility, stability, and asymmetric influences, eventually leading to compensatory movement patterns. This may be a reason why prior injuries have been determined to be one of the more significant risk factors in predisposing individuals to repeat injuries.