The jaw is also known as the TMJ or Temporomandibular Joint. It can be painful as the result of injury, inflammatory disease, poor postures and habits or growth disorder increases gradually.To treat your TMJ Disease consult Physiotherapist in Bannerghatta Road and JP Nagar – Pro Physiotherapy.
Physiotherapist in Bannerghatta Road.
The TMJ is made up of several parts: the lower jaw (or mandible) and the socket (or temporal bone). In between the mandible and the socket is a disc. The disc allows the joint to glide smoothly on opening and closing. The joint is also held in place by muscles and ligaments.
Movement of the TMJ is guided by strong muscles along with the shape of the bones, ligaments and occlusion of the teeth. Major muscles that control movement of the jaw include the masseter muscle which closes the jaw and is the main muscle of mastication, the temporalis muscle which helps elevate the jaw, the pterygoids which help move the jaw side to side and digastric which helps open the jaw.
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a term used to describe any problem involving the jaw joint. It includes a variety of conditions associated with pain and dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles or muscles of the head and neck. Temporomandibular disorder is seen most commonly in people between the ages of 20 and 40 and is more common in women than men. It is estimated that 20 – 25% of the population is affected by TMD.
Treatment will be based on what we find in our subjective and objective assessment. It may involve muscle release techniques, joint mobilization, dry needling, postural education, relaxation techniques and TMJ motor control rehabilitation. Postural retraining and education are an important part of treatment because the way that you sit, stand and move can contribute to increased pressure on the TMJ and muscles of mastication. This not only involves your TMJ posture but your overall posture including neck, shoulders, thoracic spine and lower body.
Goals of physiotherapy – the goals of physiotherapy by the Physiotherapist in Bannerghatta Road – Pro Physiotherapy are to restore the normal movement of the TMJ and cervical spine, improve postural awareness, improve function, decrease pain and headaches, education and to teach patients how to prevent future occurrences of temporomandibular dysfunction.